It is a medical exfoliation procedure achieved by applying different chemical substances to improve the loss of texture and luminosity of the skin, blemishes, acne scars, fine wrinkles and other skin alterations.
This exfoliation eliminates the layers of dead cells on the skin and helps it regenerate more quickly.
The application of peels with certain frequency stimulates the formation of new collagen, making the skin softer, resplendent and with excellent texture.
What types of peels are there?
Peels depend on the agent used, different chemical peels offer different benefits, including increased collagen that improves wrinkles, depigmentation or control of grease and bacteria in the skin which causes acne.
The peels are classified according to the depth of action:
- Superficial: improves the appearance of the skin giving luminosity and reduces spots, in patients who do not want or cannot afford a visible desquamation. It produces a slight redness that disappears in several hours. It can be applied again in 2 weeks. To achieve a good result 6 peelings are recommended.
- Medium: improves fine wrinkles as well as extended pigmented lesions and acne in the active phase. There is more redness and desquamation is more visible. It can be applied again at 4 weeks.
- Deep: with which we obtain maximum results in the elimination of the fine and medium wrinkles, total renewal of photo-aged skin or “Photoaging”, acne scars and circumscribed pigmentation. A temporary redness of the skin appears for 3 or 4 days and an intense peeling for a maximum of about 10 days. Normal social life is altered for about a week. It can be applied again per year.
The procedure is outpatient and performed at the consultation, usually no anesthesia is used, even when deep peeling usually requires sedation. It can be done in an approximate time of 10 to 20 minutes.
Who are candidates for a chemical peel?
Patients with facial aging due to: acne, fine wrinkles, scars, skin damage due to sun exposure such as actinic keratosis (Sun Spots), skin flaccidity, melasma, open pores, dead skin.
Who cannot do a chemical peel?
- People who have undergone surgical intervention in the area and at least four months have not elapsed.
- If a corrective treatment has been carried out in the area and at least 4 weeks have not elapsed.
- Continuous exposure to ultraviolet light (UV) and previous radiation therapy.
- Recent use of isotretinoin (Roaccutane®).
- Cold sores (Herpes simplex): prophylaxis should be performed two days before peeling to prevent it from appearing.
What can I expect with the application of a chemical peel?
It is normal with the procedure for an itching sensation and redness to appear. Depending on the depth of the peeling, it could be more or less intense.
During the following days there will be a heavy peeling effect.
When can I get treatment?
Treatment can be performed at any time of the year, although it is preferable to do so during the months when the sun is not so intense, such as in autumn, winter and spring.
What should be done after the peeling?
After the peeling session, you should employ rigorous face hygiene, sun protection and avoid direct exposure to the sun.
Each patient will have a personalized treatment, which can range from the application of creams to dietary supplements, to improve any specific skin problems.
You should follow your doctor’s advice and avoid bacterial infections, cold sores and pigmentation alterations.
Can you continue normally after a peeling?
After the treatment, the patient will have intense, longer lasting, redness and desquamation of the skin, with deeper peeling it lasts longer. Do not expose the skin to heat, saunas or perform physical exercise until the following week to aid the performance of the peeling.
Can I apply makeup?
Depending on the depth of the peeling that is carried out, makeup can be applied the next day or after several days. The doctor will make a recommendation.